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ASTM F2245-20, 轻型运动飞机的设计和性能标准规范
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Abstract


This specification covers airworthiness requirements for the design of powered fixed wing light sport aircraft, an “airplane.” In order to comply with flight requirements, the following shall be evaluated: load distribution limit, propeller speed and pitch limit, stalling speed, takeoff, climb, landing, balked landing, controllability and maneuverability, vibrations, and ground control and stability. For compliance of structure requirements, the following shall be considered: flight loads; control surface and system loads; horizontal stabilizing and balancing surfaces (balancing loads, maneuvering loads, and gust loads); vertical stabilizing surfaces (maneuvering loads, gust loads, and outboard fins or winglets); supplementary conditions for stabilizing surfaces; ailerons, wing flaps, and special devices; ground load conditions; water load conditions; emergency landing conditions; and other loads. The aircraft shall be designed with the following minimum instrumentation and equipment: flight and navigation instruments such as airspeed indicator, and altimeter; powerplant instruments such as fuel quantity indicator, tachometer (RPM), engine “kill” switch, and engine instruments; miscellaneous equipment such as master switch, and overload protection device; and safety belts and harnesses. Each airplane shall include a Pilot Operating Handbook (POH).


This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.


1. Scope


1.1 This specification covers airworthiness requirements for the design of powered fixed wing light sport aircraft, an “airplane.”


1.2 This specification is applicable to the design of a light sport aircraft/airplane as defined by regulations and limited to VFR flight.


1.3 Units—The values given in this standard are in SI units and are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to inch-pound (or other) units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents. Where it may not be clear, some equations provide the units of the result directly following the equation.


1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health, and environmental practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.


1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.



2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) 

ASTM Standards


D910 Specification for Leaded Aviation Gasolines


D4814 Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel


D7547 Specification for Hydrocarbon Unleaded Aviation Gasoline


F2316 Specification for Airframe Emergency Parachutes


F2339 Practice for Design and Manufacture of Reciprocating Spark Ignition Engines for Light Sport Aircraft


F2483 Practice for Maintenance and the Development of Maintenance Manuals for Light Sport Aircraft


F2506 Specification for Design and Testing of Light Sport Aircraft Propellers


F2538 Practice for Design and Manufacture of Reciprocating Compression Ignition Engines for Light Sport Aircraft


F2564 Specification for Design and Performance of a Light Sport Glider


F2746 Specification for Pilots Operating Handbook (POH) for Light Sport Airplane


F2840 Practice for Design and Manufacture of Electric Propulsion Units for Light Sport Aircraft




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